Science & Evidence


What is mindfulness and how does it work?

“Mindfulness means paying attention to what’s going on in the mind, body and environment in any given moment moment, with an attitude of curiosity and kindness” Adapted Jon Kabat-Zinn

It is a specific training of the mind developed nearly 40 years ago in the USA by biology professor Jon Kabbat Zinn to help people manage symptoms of stress, anxiety and pain.

Now, mindfulness is also taught as a stand alone intervention for those looking to reduce their stress, promote resilience, well-being and flourishing. The effectiveness of mindfulness is backed by scientific studies and trials across the globe.

In the UK, the key centres for Mindfulness are The University of Oxford Mindfulnes Centre and The Centre of Mindfulness Research & Practice at Bangor University. Both of these centres have been at the forefront of research and training since circa 2008.


Mark Williams

What is Mindfulness?

Mark Williams

Mindfulness over matter

Ellen Langer

Mindfulness in the workplace

“Mindfulness is a way of paying attention, staying present and responding skilfully to what’s happening in our lives. It helps people manage their thoughts, feelings, behaviours and relationships with awareness and compassion, leading to greater well-being and appreciation, as well as more choice in how to meet difficulties.”

Mindfulness Sussex

“Mindfulness is a therapeutic technique that can help you manage and prevent feelings of depression, stress, anxiety, or discontent. It enables anyone who practices it to live a more attentive, appreciative and vibrant life.”

Oxford Mindfulness Centre